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BEWAARCONDITIES EXOTEN 2017-05-28T11:36:11+00:00

Bewaartemperatuur Exoten

Nederlandse naam

Common name

Scientific name

Storage temperature (°C)

Relative humidity (%)

Highest freezing temperature (°C)

Ethylene* production

Ethylene** sensitivity

Approximate storage-life

Acerola bes

Acerola; Barbados cherry

Malpighia glabra

0

85-90

-1.4

 

 

6-8 weeks

Kiwano

African horned melon; Kiwano

Cucumis metuliferus

13-15

90

 

L

M

3-6 months

Abrikoos

Apricot

Prunus armeniaca

-0.5

90-95

-1.1

M

M

1-3 weeks

Crosnes

Chinese artichoke

Stachys affinia

0

90-95

 

VL

VL

1-2 weeks

Aardpeer

Jerusalem artichoke

Helianthus tuberosus

-0.5

90-95

-2.5

VL

L

4 months

Nashi peer

Asian pear, Nashi

Pyrus serotina; P. pyrifolia

1

90-95

-1.6

H

H

4-6 months

Atemoya

Atemoya

Annona squamosa x A. cherimola

13

85-90

 

H

H

2-4 weeks

Avocado

Avocado

Persea americana

 

 

 

 

 

 

Avocado Hass

cv Fuerte, Hass

 

3-7

85-90

-1.6

H

H

2-4 weeks

Avocado Pollock

cv. Fuchs, Pollock

 

13

85-90

-0.9

H

H

2 weeks

Avocado Booth

cv. Lula, Booth

 

4

90-95

-0.9

H

H

4-8 weeks

Babaco (Chamburo)

Babaco, Mt. papaya

Carica candamarcensis

7

85-90

 

 

 

1-3 weeks

Banaan

Banana

Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum

13-15

90-95

-0.8

M

H

1-4 weeks

Limaboon

Lima beans

Phaseolus lunatus

5-7

95

-0.6

L

M

5-7 days

Vleugelboon

Winged bean

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus

10

90

 

 

 

4 weeks

Kousenband

Long bean; Yard-long

Vigna sesquipedalis

4-7

90-95

 

L

M

7-10 days

Veenbes

Cranberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon

2-5

90-95

-0.9

L

L

8-16 weeks

Vlierbes

Elderberry

Rubus spp.

-0.5

90-95

-1.1

L

L

5-14 days

Loganbes

Loganberry

Rubus spp.

-0.5

90-95

-1.7

L

L

2-3 days

Sopropo

Bittermelon; Bitter gourd

Momordica charantia

10-12

85-90

 

L

M

2-3 weeks

Paksoi

Bok choy

Brassica chinensis

0

95-100

 

VL

H

3 weeks

 

Breadfruit

Artocarpus altilis

13-15

85-90

 

 

 

2-4 weeks

Cactusblad

Cactus pads or stems, Nopalitos

Opuntia spp.

5-10

90-95

 

VL

M

2-3 weeks

Cactusvijg

Cactus fruit; Prickly pear fruit

Opuntia spp.

5

85-90

-1.8

VL

M

2-6 weeks

Stervrucht

Carambola, Starfruit

Averrhoa carambola

9-10

85-90

-1.2

 

 

3-4 weeks

Cashew appel

Cashew apple

Anacardium occidentale

0-2

85-90

 

 

 

5 weeks

Cassave

Cassava, Yucca, Manioc

Manihot esculenta

0-5

85-90

 

VL

L

1-2 months

Chayote

Chayote

Sechium edule

7

85-90

 

 

 

4-6 weeks

Cherimoya

Cherimoya; Custard apple

Annona cherimola

13

90-95

-2.2

H

H

2-4 weeks

Chinese broccoli

Chinese broccoli; Gailan

Brassica alboglabra

0

95-100

 

VL

H

10-14 days

Calamansi

Calamondin orange

Citrus reticulta x Fortunella spp.

9-10

90

-2

 

 

2 weeks

Pompelmoes

Grapefruit

Citrus paradisi

10-15

85-90

-1.1

VL

M

6-8 weeks

Kumquat

Kumquat

Fortunella japonica

4

90-95

 

VL

M

2-4 weeks

Citroen

Lemon

Citrus limon

10-13

85-90

-1.4

 

 

1-6 months

Limoen

Lime, Mexican, Tahiti or Persian

Citrus aurantifolia; C. latifolia

9-10

85-90

-1.6

 

 

6-8 weeks

Sinaasappel

Orange

Citrus sinensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CA, AZ, dry areas

 

3-9

85-90

-0.8

VL

M

3-8 weeks

 

FL; humid regions

 

0-2

85-90

-0.8

VL

M

8-12 weeks

Bloedappelsien

Blood orange

 

4-7

90-95

-0.8

 

 

3-8 weeks

Bittersinaasappel (Seville)

Seville; Sour

Citrus aurantium

7-9

85-90

-0.8

L

M

12 weeks

Pomelo

Pummelo

Citrus grandis

7-9

85-90

-1.6

 

 

12 weeks

Tangelo

Tangelo, Minneola

C. reticulata x paradisi

7-10

85-95

-0.9

 

 

2-4 weeks

Tangerine

Tangerine, Mandarin

Citrus reticulata

4-7

90-95

-1.1

VL

M

2-4 weeks

Kokosnoot

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

0-2

80-85

-0.9

 

 

1-2 months

Mais: Zoete en baby-

Corn, sweet and baby

Zea mays

0

95-98

-0.6

VL

L

5-8 days

 

Cucumber, slicing

Cucumis sativus

10-12

85-90

-0.5

L

H

10-14 days

Dadel

Date

Phoenix dactylifera

-18

75

-15.7

VL

L

6-12 months

Doerian

Durian

Durio zibethinus

4/jun

85-90

 

 

 

6-8 weeks

Ananasguave

Feijoa, Pineapple guava

Feijoa sellowiana

5-10

90

 

M

L

2-3 weeks

Vijg

Fig

Ficus carica

-0.5

85-90

-2.4

M

L

7-10 days

Knoflook

Garlic bulb

Allium sativum

-1

65-70

-2

VL

L

6-7 months

Gember

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

13

65

 

VL

L

6 months

Druif

Grape

Vitis vinifera a=fruit; b=stem

-0.5

90-95

-2.7 a -2.0 b

VL

L

1-6 months

Druif

American grape

Vitis labrusca

-1 to -0.5

90-95

-1.4

VL

L

2-8 weeks

Guava

Guava

Psidium guajava

5-10

90

 

L

M

2-3 weeks

 

Jaboticaba

Myrciaria cauliflora= Eugenia cauliflora

13-15

90-95

 

 

 

2-3 days

 

Jackfruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus

13

85-90

 

M

M

2-4 weeks

 

Jicama, Yambean

Pachyrrhizus erosus

13-18

85-90

 

VL

L

1-2 months

 

Jujube; Chinese date

Ziziphus jujuba

2.5-10

85-90

-1.6

L

M

1 month

Kaki

Kaki

see Persimmon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kale

Brassica oleracea var. acephala

0

95-100

-0.5

VL

H

10-14 days

Kiwi

Kiwifruit; Chinese gooseberry

Actinidia chinensis

0

90-95

-0.9

L

H

3-5 months

 

Langsat; Lanzone

Aglaia sp.; Lansium sp.

11-14

85-90

 

 

 

2 weeks

 

Longan

Dimocarpus longan =Euphoria longan

4-7

90-95

-2.4

 

 

2-4 weeks

 

Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

0

90-95

-1.9

 

 

3 weeks

 

Luffa; Chinese okra

Luffa spp.

10-12

90-95

 

L

M

1-2 weeks

Litchi

Lychee, Litchi

Litchi chinensis

1-2

90-95

 

M

M

3-5 weeks

 

Malanga, Tania, New cocoyam

Xanthosoma sagittifolium

7

70-80

 

VL

L

3 months

Mandarijn

Mandarin

see Citrus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Druif

Grape

Vitis vinifera a=fruit; b=stem

-0.5

90-95

-2.7 a -2.0 b

VL

L

1-6 months

Druif

American grape

Vitis labrusca

-1 to -0.5

90-95

-1.4

VL

L

2-8 weeks

Guava

Guava

Psidium guajava

5-10

90

 

L

M

2-3 weeks

 

Jaboticaba

Myrciaria cauliflora= Eugenia cauliflora

13-15

90-95

 

 

 

2-3 days

 

Jackfruit

Artocarpus heterophyllus

13

85-90

 

M

M

2-4 weeks

 

Jicama, Yambean

Pachyrrhizus erosus

13-18

85-90

 

VL

L

1-2 months

 

Jujube; Chinese date

Ziziphus jujuba

2.5-10

85-90

-1.6

L

M

1 month

Kaki

Kaki

see Persimmon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kale

Brassica oleracea var. acephala

0

95-100

-0.5

VL

H

10-14 days

Kiwi

Kiwifruit; Chinese gooseberry

Actinidia chinensis

0

90-95

-0.9

L

H

3-5 months

 

Langsat; Lanzone

Aglaia sp.; Lansium sp.

11-14

85-90

 

 

 

2 weeks

 

Longan

Dimocarpus longan =Euphoria longan

4-7

90-95

-2.4

 

 

2-4 weeks

 

Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

0

90-95

-1.9

 

 

3 weeks

 

Luffa; Chinese okra

Luffa spp.

10-12

90-95

 

L

M

1-2 weeks

Litchi

Lychee, Litchi

Litchi chinensis

1-2

90-95

 

M

M

3-5 weeks

 

Malanga, Tania, New cocoyam

Xanthosoma sagittifolium

7

70-80

 

VL

L

3 months

Mandarijn

Mandarin

see Citrus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mango

Mango

Mangifera indica

13

85-90

-1.4

M

M

2-3 weeks

Mangosteen

Mangosteen

Garcinia mangostana

13

85-90

 

M

H

2-4 weeks

Cantaloupe meloen

Cantaloupes and other netted melons

Cucurbita melo var. reticulatus

2-5

95

-1.2

H

M

2-3 weeks

 

Casaba

Cucurbita melo

7-10

85-90

-1

L

L

3-4 weeks

 

Crenshaw

Cucurbita melo

7-10

85-90

-1.1

M

H

2-3 weeks

 

Honeydew, and Orange-flesh

Cucurbita melo

5-10

85-90

-1.1

M

H

3-4 weeks

 

Persian

Cucurbita melo

7-10

85-90

-0.8

M

H

2-3 weeks

 

Mustard greens

Brassica juncea

0

90-95

 

VL

H

7-14 days

Nectarine

Nectarine

Prunus persica

-0.5

90-95

-0.9

M

M

2-4 weeks

Okra

Okra

Abelmoschus esculentus

7-10

90-95

-1.8

L

M

7-10 days

Olijf (vers)

Olives, fresh

Olea europea

5-10

85-90

-1.4

L

M

4-6 weeks

Ui vers

Green onions

 

0

95-100

-0.9

L

H

3 weeks

Papaya

Papaya

Carica papaya

7-13

85-90

-0.9

M

M

1-3 weeks

Passievrucht

Passionfruit

Passiflora spp.

10

85-90

 

VH

M

3-4 weeks

Perzik

Peach

Prunus persica

-0.5

90-95

-0.9

M

M

2-4 weeks

Erwt in peul, peultje

Peas in pods; Snow, Snap & Sugar peas

Pisum sativum

0

90-98

-0.6

VL

M

1-2 weeks

 

Southern peas; Cowpeas

Vigna sinensis =V. unguiculata

4-5

95

 

 

 

6-8 days

 

Pepino; Melon pear

Solanum muricatum

5-10

95

 

L

M

4 weeks

Chilipeper

Hot peppers, Chiles

Capsicum annuum and C. frutescens

5-10

85-95

-0.7

L

M

2-3 weeks

 

Fuyu

 

0

90-95

-2.2

L

H

1-3 months

 

Hachiya

 

0

90-95

-2.2

L

H

2-3 months

Ananas

Pineapple

Ananas comosus

7-13

85-90

-1.1

L

L

2-4 weeks

Plantain

Plantain

Musa paradisiaca var. paradisiaca

13-15

90-95

-0.8

L

H

1-5 weeks

Pruim

Plums and Prunes

Prunus domestica

-0.5

90-95

-0.8

M

M

2-5 weeks

Granaatappel

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

5-7.2

90-95

-3

VL

L

2-3 months

Pompoen

Pumpkin

Cucurbita maxima

dec/15

50-70

-0.8

L

M

2-3 months

Kweepeer

Quince

Cydonia oblonga

-0.5

90

-2

L

H

2-3 months

Rambutan

Rambutan

Nephelium lappaceum

12

90-95

 

H

H

1-3 weeks

 

Salsify; Vegetable oyster

Trapopogon porrifolius

0

95-98

-1.1

VL

L

2-4 months

 

Sapotes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caimito, Star apple

Chrysophyllum cainito

3

90

-1.2

 

 

3 weeks

 

Canistel, Eggfruit

Pouteria campechiana

13-15

85-90

-1.8

 

 

3 weeks

 

Black sapote

Diospyros ebenaster

13-15

85-90

-2.3

 

 

2-3 weeks

 

White sapote

Casimiroa edulis

20

85-90

-2

 

 

2-3 weeks

 

Mamey sapote

Calocarpum mammosum

13-15

90-95

 

H

H

2-3 weeks

 

Sapodilla, Chicosapote

Achras sapota

15-20

85-90

 

H

H

2 weeks

 

Soursop

Annona muricata

13

85-90

 

 

 

1-2 weeks

 

Spondias, Mombin, Wi apple,Jobo, Hogplum

Spondias spp.

13

85-90

 

 

 

1-2 weeks

scheutgroenten

Sprouts from seeds

various genera

0

95-100

 

 

 

5-9 days

Alfalfa scheuten

Alfalfa sprouts

Medicago sativa

0

95-100

 

 

 

7 days

Bonescheuten

Bean sprouts

Phaseolus sp.

0

95-100

 

 

 

7-9 days

 

Radish sprouts

Raphanus sp.

0

95-100

 

 

 

5-7 days

 

Squash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zoete aardappel Yam

Sweetpotato, “Yam”

Ipomea batatas

13-15

85-95

-1.3

VL

L

4-7 months

 

Sweetsop; Sugar apple; Custard apple

Annona squamosa; Annona spp.

7

85-90

 

H

H

4 weeks

Tamarillo

Tamarillo, Tree tomato

Cyphomandra betacea

3-4

85-95

 

L

M

10 weeks

 

Tamarind

Tamarindus indica

2-7

90-95

-3.7

VL

VL

3-4 weeks

 

Taro, Cocoyam, Eddoe, Dasheen

Colocasia esculenta

7-10

85-90

-0.9

 

 

4 months

 

Tomatillo; Husk tomato

Physalis ixocarpa

7-13

85-90

 

VL

M

3 weeks

 

Water chestnut

Eleocharis dulcis

1-2

85-90

 

 

 

2-4 months

 

Watermelon

Citrullus vulgaris

10-15

90

-0.4

VL

H

2-3 weeks

 

Yam

Dioscorea spp.

15

70-80

-1.1

VL

L

2-7 months

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